The first topic relates to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which is a United Nations body that assesses international scientific data related to global climate change. The IPCC presents the status of this data, the resulting global implications and potential future risks, as well as mitigation and adaptation options to reduce the rate at which climate change is taking place within regularly released Assessment Reports. The IPCC also produces topic–specific Special Reports at the request of its member governments. In September 2019, the IPCC released its Special Report on the Oceans and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. The IPCC reports are used to inform negotiations of the Conference of Parties to the United Nation Convention on Climate Change, which results in international climate change policy.
The second topic relates to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) the 17 global goals as outlined within the United Nations General Assembly’s '2030 Agenda', which provides a high-level policy and monitoring framework with the objective of ensuring all development, globally, is undertaken in a sustainable manner. Stakeholders at all levels (governments, civil society, private sector, and individuals) are expected to contribute to the realisation of the SDGs, working together via multi–stakeholder partnerships. SDG-13 focuses on climate action and SDG-14 on the conservation and sustainable use of the ocean.